A wide variety of elbow conditions may benefit from surgery. These include ulnar nerve compression (cubital tunnel syndrome), severe epicondylitis not responsive to conservative measures, post-traumatic elbow stiffness.
Arthroscopic elbow surgery removes loose bodies from the elbow and is sometimes performed for early elbow osteoarthritis. Elbow stabilisation surgery treats acute or more often chronic ligament problems, sometimes associated with fractures. In addition, ligament repairs sometimes need to be supplemented with tendon grafts. Elbow replacement surgery is most often performed for the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, though some patients with elbow osteoarthritis will also benefit from total elbow replacement.